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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 2034907, 17 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2034907
Research Article

Pareto Optimization of a Half Car Passive Suspension Model Using a Novel Multiobjective Heat Transfer Search Algorithm

1Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Technology, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382007, India
2Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
3Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada

Correspondence should be addressed to Vimal Savsani; moc.liamg@inasvas.lamiv

Received 16 August 2016; Revised 18 January 2017; Accepted 24 January 2017; Published 3 May 2017

Academic Editor: Mohamed B. Trabia

Copyright © 2017 Vimal Savsani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Most of the modern multiobjective optimization algorithms are based on the search technique of genetic algorithms; however the search techniques of other recently developed metaheuristics are emerging topics among researchers. This paper proposes a novel multiobjective optimization algorithm named multiobjective heat transfer search (MOHTS) algorithm, which is based on the search technique of heat transfer search (HTS) algorithm. MOHTS employs the elitist nondominated sorting and crowding distance approach of an elitist based nondominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) for obtaining different nondomination levels and to preserve the diversity among the optimal set of solutions, respectively. The capability in yielding a Pareto front as close as possible to the true Pareto front of MOHTS has been tested on the multiobjective optimization problem of the vehicle suspension design, which has a set of five second-order linear ordinary differential equations. Half car passive ride model with two different sets of five objectives is employed for optimizing the suspension parameters using MOHTS and NSGA-II. The optimization studies demonstrate that MOHTS achieves the better nondominated Pareto front with the widespread (diveresed) set of optimal solutions as compared to NSGA-II, and further the comparison of the extreme points of the obtained Pareto front reveals the dominance of MOHTS over NSGA-II, multiobjective uniform diversity genetic algorithm (MUGA), and combined PSO-GA based MOEA.