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Multiple Sclerosis International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5235971, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5235971
Research Article

The Effect of Maximal Strength Training on Strength, Walking, and Balance in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study

1Department of Physical Therapy, Hunter College, City University of New York, 425 East 25th Street, New York, NY, USA
2Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Sciences, School of Health Professions, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 40 East Laurel Road, Suite 2105, Stratford, NJ 08084, USA

Received 18 August 2016; Revised 25 October 2016; Accepted 21 November 2016

Academic Editor: Antonio Bertolotto

Copyright © 2016 Herb I. Karpatkin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is little literature examining the use of maximal strength training (MST) in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). This pretest-posttest study examined the effects of a MST program on strength, walking, balance, and fatigue in a sample of pwMS. Seven pwMS (median EDSS 3.0, IQR 1.5) participated in a MST program twice weekly for eight weeks. Strength was assessed with 1-repetition maximum (1RM) on each leg. Walking and balance were measured with the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS), respectively. Fatigue was measured during each week of the program with the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). The program was well tolerated, with an attendance rate of 96.4%. Participants had significant improvements in right leg 1RM (, ), left leg 1RM (, ), 6MWT distance ( ), and BBS score (, ) after the MST intervention. There was no significant change in FSS scores (, ). Participants in the MST program experienced improved balance and walking without an increase in fatigue. This MST program may be utilized by rehabilitation clinicians to improve lower extremity strength, balance, and mobility in pwMS.