Table 4: Verbal fluency means and (standard deviations) for children and adolescents.

Reference/categoryLanguageAge (years)
5-66-77-88-99-1010-1111-1212-1313-1414-1516-17

Crowe and Prescott [145]155English
 Animals8.9 (3.0)12.3 (4.6)15.8 (4.0)
 Body parts9.9 (4.2)13.0 (5.1)17.1 (4.5)
 Clothes8.4 (2.8)11.0 (3.9)12.3 (4.4)
 Foods8.1 (2.9)11.9 (4.9)14.3 (4.1)
 Plants3.7 (2.7)5.5 (2.5)7.4 (3.7)
 Vehicles5.3 (2.2)8.3 (3.0)9.7 (3.3)
Filippetti and Allegri [146]120Spanish
 Animals12.0 (3.3)14.2 (3.6)
 Fruits7.3 (1.9)9.0 (2.3)
 /f/4.9 (1.8)7.2 (2.7)
 /a/5.7 (2.6)6.8 (2.5)
 /s/5.1 (2.4)6.7 (2.9)
Kavé [56]180Hebrew
 Phonemic-bet5.3 (1.8)7.4 (2.1)9.4 (3.4)11.7 (3.8)13.5 (3.9)
 Gimel5.7 (2.5)7.6 (2.3)9.8 (3.1)12.2 (3.5)13.3 (3.6)
 Shin6.5 (2.7)7.2 (2.8)10.3 (3.5)11.0 (3.2)13.8 (4.0)
 Animals, fruits and vegetables, vehicles27.2 (9.2)36.7 (10.2)43.7 (10.4)46.2 (10)53 (10.3)
Matute et al. [57]171Spanish
 Fruits9.8 (3.6)11.2 (2.7)12.4 (2.6)13.5 (2.9)15.7 (3.1)
 /m/5.8 (2.8)7.2 (3.0)8.6 (2.8)9.3 (3.4)12.5 (4.4)
Sauzéon et al. [59]140English15-16 yrs old
 FAS4.5 (1.4)6.3 (1.9)7.6 (2.0)9.1 (2.1)10.6 (2.2)
 Fruit & supermarket8.8 (2.2)11.5 (2.5)13.2 (3.0)14.3 (2.5)15.1 (2.3)
Tallberg et al. [147]130Swedish6 yrs old9 yrs old12 yrs old15 yrs old
 FAS8.8 (6.0)16.0 (5.6)27.3 (6.0)30.1 (8.4)
 Animals9.5 (3.2)13.5 (4.0)17.6 (4.4)18.7 (3.9)
Chan and Poon [148]90Chinese7–11 yrs old12–14 yrs old15–18 yrs olds
 Animals15.4 (3.2)17.7 (4.2)18.5 (3.9)
 Transportation10.6 (3.1)11.8 (3.4)13.9 (4.3)