Table of Contents
New Journal of Science
Volume 2016, Article ID 5601327, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5601327
Research Article

Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Phytochemical Contents of Indigenous Nigerian Softwoods

1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Department of Chemical Sciences, Godfrey Okoye University, Thinkers Corner, Enugu, Nigeria

Received 26 April 2016; Revised 16 August 2016; Accepted 18 September 2016

Academic Editor: Hamid Reza Sadeghnia

Copyright © 2016 Chukwuma S. Ezeonu and Chigozie M. Ejikeme. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The phytochemical contents of some milled Nigerian softwood chips were carried out in a quest to evaluate their potentials as sources of alternative medicine as well as uses in other industrial applications. The qualitative and quantitative analysis were ascertained. Tannin was found in all the Nigerian softwoods examined with the highest quantities obtained in Sterculia oblonga (1240 mg/100 g) and Barteria nigritiana (1230 mg/100 g). Highest quantities of alkaloid were obtained in Cordia millenii (11.2%) and Sterculia oblonga (10.4%). Barteria nigritiana (14.2%) and Moringa oleifera (12.2%) recorded more flavonoid content than other individual softwoods. Saponin was more in Anogeissus leiocarpus (12.5%) and Dichrostachys cinerea (9.8%). Oxalate was found to be higher in Combretodendron macrocarpum (5.84 g/100 g) and Glyphaea brevis (3.55 g/100 g). Pentaclethra macrophylla (890 mg/100 g) and Moringa oleifera (880 mg/100 g) contained more cyanogenic glycosides. Sacoglottis gabonensis (4.68 mg/g) and Pentaclethra macrophylla (4.04 mg/g) showed the highest contents of phenol, while more lipids (8% and 7.2%) were found in Anogeissus leiocarpus and Kaempferia galanga, respectively. The results showed that these Nigerian softwoods grains could be a source for the exploitation of these phytochemicals beneficial in the pharmaceutical and alternative medicine industries.