Table of Contents
New Journal of Science
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9646138, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9646138
Research Article

Serological Survey of Newcastle Disease in Free Ranging Local Chickens in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

1Federal Department of Livestock and Pest Control Services, Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development, PMB 135, Area 11, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
4National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Samuel Akawu Anzaku; moc.oohay@ukaznaleumas

Received 30 April 2016; Revised 26 July 2016; Accepted 18 September 2016; Published 4 January 2017

Academic Editor: Salam A. Ibrahim

Copyright © 2017 Samuel Akawu Anzaku et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A serological survey was carried out in four area councils (Abuja Municipal, Kuje, Gwagwalada, and Kwali) of the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) to determine the prevalence of antibodies to Newcastle disease virus in local chickens using haemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests. In each area council, one hundred sera samples were collected from apparently healthy local chickens with no history of vaccination. Abuja Municipal, Kuje, Gwagwalada, and Kwali area councils had prevalence of 37, 44, 79, and 68%, respectively. The overall prevalence of antibody to Newcastle disease in the four area councils was 57%. This study shows that Newcastle disease virus is circulating in local chickens in the study area, and this may pose a serious threat to the commercial poultry industry within these four area councils of the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) where this study was carried out.