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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2012, Article ID 351752, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/351752
Review Article

Studies of Olfactory System Neural Plasticity: The Contribution of the Unilateral Naris Occlusion Technique

Department of Biology, Randolph Macon College, Ashland, VA 23005, USA

Received 16 December 2011; Revised 1 March 2012; Accepted 19 March 2012

Academic Editor: Ron Kupers

Copyright © 2012 David M. Coppola. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Unilateral naris occlusion has long been the method of choice for effecting stimulus deprivation in studies of olfactory plasticity. A significant body of literature speaks to the myriad consequences of this manipulation on the ipsilateral olfactory pathway. Early experiments emphasized naris occlusion’s deleterious and age-critical effects. More recent studies have focused on life-long vulnerability, particularly on neurogenesis, and compensatory responses to deprivation. Despite the abundance of empirical data, a theoretical framework in which to understand the many sequelae of naris occlusion on olfaction has been elusive. This paper focuses on recent data, new theories, and underappreciated caveats related to the use of this technique in studies of olfactory plasticity.