Table 2: M and SD for performance in the four cognitive tasks separated for senior dancers () and controls (), as well as F- and p values and effect sizes of the respective MANCOVA with age and IQ score as covariates.

Cognitive task Group M SD F(1,55) pη2

Flanker Task
(q-score)
Senior dancers 1.01 0.26 0.62 .44 .01
Control group 1.05 0.28
Visual Search
Task (q-score)
Senior dancers 1.06 0.39 0.64 .43 .01
Control group 1.00 0.27
Memory encoding (sum
of 5 trials)
Senior dancers 53.00 8.03 0.32 .58 .01
Control group 54.59 6.21
Long-term memory (trial 5
– trial)
Senior dancers 2.43 2.17 3.01 .09 .05
Control group 1.451.57