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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1230713, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1230713
Review Article

Relationship between Insulin Levels and Nonpsychotic Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

School of Basic Medical Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 11 North Third Ring Road, Chaoyang, Beijing 100029, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jia-xu Chen; moc.liamtoh@uxaijnehc

Received 20 August 2017; Accepted 16 October 2017; Published 27 December 2017

Academic Editor: Fushun Wang

Copyright © 2017 Qiu-xia Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To explore the relationship between insulin levels and nonpsychotic dementia. Methods. Six electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane, SCI, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang) were searched from January 1, 2007, to March 1, 2017. Experimental or observational studies that enrolled people with nonpsychotic dementia or abnormal insulin levels in which insulin levels or MMSE scores (events in nonpsychotic dementia) were the outcome measures. Random-effects models were chosen for this meta-analysis. Sample size, mean, s.d., and events were primarily used to generate effect sizes (with the PRIMA registration number CRD42017069860). Results. 50 articles met the final inclusion criteria. Insulin levels in cerebrospinal fluid were lower (Hedges’ g = 1.196, 95% CI = 0.238 to 2.514, and ), while the levels in peripheral blood were higher in nonpsychotic dementia patients (Hedges’ g = 0.853 and 95% CI = 0.579 to 1.127), and MMSE scores were significantly lower in the high insulin group than in the healthy control group (Hedges’ g = 0.334, 95% CI = 0.249 to 0.419, and ). Conclusions. Our comprehensive results indicate that blood insulin levels may increase in patients with nonpsychotic dementia.