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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2017, Article ID 2631909, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2631909
Research Article

Acute Exercise and Neurocognitive Development in Preadolescents and Young Adults: An ERP Study

1Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
2Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
3Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
4Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Tsung-Min Hung; wt.moc.oohay@omikgnuhtsenre and Yu-Kai Chang; moc.liamg@wengnahciakuy

Received 22 March 2017; Revised 3 June 2017; Accepted 13 July 2017; Published 25 September 2017

Academic Editor: Patricia S. Piquero

Copyright © 2017 Chien-Heng Chu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a single bout of exercise on neurocognitive function in preadolescent children and young adults by determining the modulatory role of age and the neuroelectrical mechanism(s) underlying the association between acute exercise and executive function. Twenty preadolescents and 20 young adults completed the Stroop test, and neuroelectrical activity was recorded during two treatment sessions performed in a counterbalanced order. Exercise treatments involved moderate intensity aerobic exercise for 20 min as the main exercise and two 5 min periods of warm-up and cool-down. The control treatment participants read for a similar duration of time. Acute exercise improved participant reaction times on the Stroop test, regardless of Stroop congruency, and greater beneficial effects were observed in young adults compared to those in preadolescents. The P3 amplitudes increased after acute exercise in preadolescents and young adults, but acute exercise induced lower conflict sustained potential (conflict SP) amplitudes in preadolescent children. Based on these findings, age influences the beneficial effect of acute exercise on cognitive performance in general. Furthermore, the event-related brain potential differences attributed to acute exercise provide a potential clue to the mechanisms that differentiate the effects of acute exercise on individuals from preadolescence to young adulthood.