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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2018, Article ID 3106918, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3106918
Research Article

Theta Burst Stimulation Enhances Connectivity of the Dorsal Attention Network in Young Healthy Subjects: An Exploratory Study

1Applied Neuroscience Research Group, Central European Institute of Technology – Masaryk University (CEITEC MU), Brno, Czech Republic
2Multimodal and Functional Neuroimaging Research Group, Central European Institute of Technology – Masaryk University (CEITEC MU), Brno, Czech Republic
3Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Correspondence should be addressed to Irena Rektorova; zc.inum.cetiec@avorotker.aneri

Received 26 September 2017; Revised 24 December 2017; Accepted 23 January 2018; Published 13 March 2018

Academic Editor: Bruno Poucet

Copyright © 2018 Lubomira Anderkova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We examined effects of theta burst stimulation (TBS) applied over two distinct cortical areas (the right inferior frontal gyrus and the left superior parietal lobule) on the Stroop task performance in 20 young healthy subjects. Neural underpinnings of the behavioral effect were tested using fMRI. A single session of intermittent TBS of the left superior parietal lobule induced certain cognitive speed enhancement and significantly increased resting-state connectivity of the dorsal attention network. This is an exploratory study that prompts further research with multiple-session TBS in subjects with cognitive impairment.