Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Neural Plasticity
Volume 2018, Article ID 5340717, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5340717
Research Article

Mindfulness Meditation Is Related to Long-Lasting Changes in Hippocampal Functional Topology during Resting State: A Magnetoencephalography Study

1Department of Motor Sciences and Wellness, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Naples, Italy
2Department of Engineering, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Naples, Italy
3Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems, CNR, Pozzuoli, Italy
4Department of Science and Technology, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Naples, Italy
5Institute for Diagnosis and Cure Hermitage Capodimonte, Naples, Italy
6IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Giuseppe Sorrentino; ti.eponehtrapinu@onitnerros.eppesuig

Received 30 July 2018; Revised 10 October 2018; Accepted 23 October 2018; Published 18 December 2018

Academic Editor: Guy Cheron

Copyright © 2018 Anna Lardone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It has been suggested that the practice of meditation is associated to neuroplasticity phenomena, reducing age-related brain degeneration and improving cognitive functions. Neuroimaging studies have shown that the brain connectivity changes in meditators. In the present work, we aim to describe the possible long-term effects of meditation on the brain networks. To this aim, we used magnetoencephalography to study functional resting-state brain networks in Vipassana meditators. We observed topological modifications in the brain network in meditators compared to controls. More specifically, in the theta band, the meditators showed statistically significant ( corrected = 0.009) higher degree (a centrality index that represents the number of connections incident upon a given node) in the right hippocampus as compared to controls. Taking into account the role of the hippocampus in memory processes, and in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease, meditation might have a potential role in a panel of preventive strategies.