Neural Plasticity

Adaptation and Plasticity of Breathing during Behavioral and Cognitive Tasks


Status
Published

1Lyon University, Lyon, France

2University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

3Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA


Adaptation and Plasticity of Breathing during Behavioral and Cognitive Tasks

Description

The vital function of respiration is to supply oxygen to the body and to release carbon dioxide. The focus of interest of the present special issue is not these gaseous exchanges per se but rather the neurobiological processes related to the ventilatory movements by which these exchanges are made possible and their modulation in different environmental contexts.

Breathing function is controlled by a network of structures located in the brainstem. As any motor act, respiratory rhythm can be voluntary controlled but is also modulated by a number of internal or external factors. First, breathing must be coordinated with many other orofacial functions like exploratory sniffing, whisking, licking, chewing, suckling, and speech/vocalizations. Second, respiration rate is strongly modulated during sensory exploration, particularly in olfaction. Indeed odor sampling is achieved through sniffing behavior allowing the odorant molecules to enter the mucosa and bind to the olfactory receptors. Third, breathing can be modulated by higher brain functions related to cognition, emotion, and attention.

At the reverse, breathing is also able to modulate other functions. For instance, deep breathing can slow down the heart rate and reduce stress levels. In addition, brain neuronal network dynamics can be strongly influenced by respiratory dynamics as the periodical nature of breathing can interact with cerebral rhythms and may in turn facilitate sensory and/or cognitive processes.

Finally, alterations in breathing pattern are often observed in neurological disorders in association with cognitive deficits. The development of remediation tools based on breathing retraining could open the door to the development of new therapeutic avenues.

All these aspects place the respiratory act at a crossroad between many “main stream” neurobiological questions. Thereby, the question of respiration-related neurobiological processes is a highly multidisciplinary field, involving very different scientific communities. The purpose of this special issue is to gather these communities, thus providing a unique opportunity to enhance multidisciplinary research efforts which could favor the emergence of new concepts in the field.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Respiratory rhythm and pattern generation
  • Respiration and orofacial coordination
  • Respiration and olfaction
  • Respiration and emotion
  • Respiration and cognitive processes
  • Respiration and autonomic nervous system regulation
  • Respiratory rhythm and brain oscillatory activities
  • Respiratory neuropathology

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2804205
  • - Editorial

Adaptation and Plasticity of Breathing during Behavioral and Cognitive Tasks

Nathalie Buonviso | Mathias Dutschmann | ... | Daniel W. Wesson
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 9124986
  • - Research Article

Sniff-Like Patterned Input Results in Long-Term Plasticity at the Rat Olfactory Bulb Mitral and Tufted Cell to Granule Cell Synapse

Mahua Chatterjee | Fernando Perez de los Cobos Pallares | ... | Veronica Egger
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 6434987
  • - Research Article

Brain Responses during the Anticipation of Dyspnea

M. Cornelia Stoeckel | Roland W. Esser | ... | Andreas von Leupoldt
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 4065073
  • - Research Article

Flexible Coupling of Respiration and Vocalizations with Locomotion and Head Movements in the Freely Behaving Rat

Joseph Andrews Alves | Barbara Ciralli Boerner | Diego Andrés Laplagne
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 9131284
  • - Research Article

The Habituation/Cross-Habituation Test Revisited: Guidance from Sniffing and Video Tracking

G. Coronas-Samano | A. V. Ivanova | J. V. Verhagen
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 8146809
  • - Review Article

Respiratory Changes in Response to Cognitive Load: A Systematic Review

Mariel Grassmann | Elke Vlemincx | ... | Omer Van den Bergh
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 7493048
  • - Review Article

Circuits in the Ventral Medulla That Phase-Lock Motoneurons for Coordinated Sniffing and Whisking

Martin Deschênes | Anastasia Kurnikova | ... | David Kleinfeld
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 4570831
  • - Research Article

Olfactory Bulb Field Potentials and Respiration in Sleep-Wake States of Mice

Jakob Jessberger | Weiwei Zhong | ... | Andreas Draguhn
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 3905257
  • - Research Article

Mechanisms Underlying Adaptation of Respiratory Network Activity to Modulatory Stimuli in the Mouse Embryo

Marc Chevalier | Rafaël De Sa | ... | Muriel Thoby-Brisson
Neural Plasticity
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Acceptance rate53%
Submission to final decision58 days
Acceptance to publication37 days
CiteScore5.200
Impact Factor3.599
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