Neural Plasticity

Investigating and Modulating Physiological and Pathological Brain Oscillations: The Role of Oscillatory Activity in Neural Plasticity


Publishing date
01 Jun 2019
Status
Published
Submission deadline
01 Feb 2019

Lead Editor

1Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

2University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

3National Research University, Moscow, Russia

4Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Montréal, Canada


Investigating and Modulating Physiological and Pathological Brain Oscillations: The Role of Oscillatory Activity in Neural Plasticity

Description

There is accumulating evidence that oscillatory activity plays a significant role in regulating brain function. Rhythmic phenomena are routinely observed during perception, motor, and cognitive tasks and have been implicated in altered functions across a broad range of diseases. Several studies suggest that the alpha rhythm gates information flow, beta inhibits changes in motor activity, and gamma reflects intracortical local synchronization. However, so far the understanding of the contribution of these rhythms in determining human behaviour and generating specific symptoms is still limited. Moreover, the relationship between brain oscillations and neural plasticity processes is not fully clear, although recent evidence supports a possible link. For instance, nested oscillations are thought to provide the temporal scaffolding for learning, while enhancing high-gamma activity in motor cortical areas boosts LTP-like plasticity.

We are in an emerging era where we are rapidly garnering the tools to not only observe brain activity, but alter neural processes in a circumscribed manner. Such causal interactions permit deeper understanding of the role of neural oscillations in everyday life and how changes in rhythms can lead to altered function in disease. Noninvasive electrophysiological techniques such as high-density EEG and magnetoencephalography (MEG), invasive recordings of Local Field Potentials (LFPs), and advanced neuroimaging techniques able to (directly or indirectly) infer on brain oscillations are now increasingly combined with different forms of brain stimulation. TMS-EEG and transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), for example, allow us to target and causally interact with rhythmic brain activity. These novel approaches provide new opportunities for drawing strong parallels between oscillatory activity and various brain functions, including cortical plasticity processes.

We invite investigators to contribute with original research articles as well as review articles that focus on the study and modulation of physiological and pathological brain oscillations, particularly investigating the interaction between oscillatory activity and neural plasticity.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies providing additional insight into the possible relationship between neural plasticity phenomena and brain rhythms
  • Cortical or subcortical changes of brain oscillations observed in physiological or pathological conditions, following inducing-plasticity protocols or other experimental interventions (e.g., peripheral stimulation)
  • Human or animal studies providing evidence of altered plasticity in neurological disorders as revealed by high-density EEG, TMS-EEG coregistrations, MEG, or intracranial/LFPs recordings
  • tACS effects on brain oscillations and functional plasticity and tACS-related motor and nonmotor changes in neurological diseases

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 9403195
  • - Editorial

Investigating and Modulating Physiological and Pathological Brain Oscillations: The Role of Oscillatory Activity in Neural Plasticity

Andrea Guerra | Matteo Feurra | ... | John-Stuart Brittain
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 1971875
  • - Research Article

Acute Phase Neuronal Activity for the Prognosis of Stroke Recovery

Filippo Zappasodi | Patrizio Pasqualetti | ... | Franca Tecchio
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 2687150
  • - Research Article

Hyperexcitability of Cortical Oscillations in Patients with Somatoform Pain Disorder: A Resting-State EEG Study

Qian Ye | Dong Yan | ... | Weiwei Peng
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 6747049
  • - Research Article

Modulation of Conflict Processing by Theta-Range tACS over the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex

Albert Lehr | Niklas Henneberg | ... | Andrea Antal
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 2490750
  • - Research Article

Functional Corticomuscular Signal Coupling Is Weakened during Voluntary Motor Action in Cancer-Related Fatigue

Changhao Jiang | Qi Yang | ... | Guang H. Yue
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 6981268
  • - Research Article

Early Electrophysiological Disintegration of Hippocampal Neural Networks in a Novel Locus Coeruleus Tau-Seeding Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease

A. Ahnaou | C. Walsh | ... | W. H. Drinkenburg
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 2057308
  • - Research Article

Effects of Electroacupuncture on Pain Memory-Related Behaviors and Synchronous Neural Oscillations in the Rostral Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Freely Moving Rats

Zui Shen | Yilin Zhu | ... | Xiaomei Shao
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 1619290
  • - Research Article

Aging Does Not Affect Beta Modulation during Reaching Movements

Serena Ricci | Ramtin Mehraram | ... | M. Felice Ghilardi
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 7084618
  • - Research Article

Longitudinal Analysis of Stroke Patients’ Brain Rhythms during an Intervention with a Brain-Computer Interface

Ruben I. Carino-Escobar | Paul Carrillo-Mora | ... | Jessica Cantillo-Negrete
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 6263907
  • - Research Article

Phase-Amplitude Coupling of Neural Oscillations Can Be Effectively Probed with Concurrent TMS-EEG

Sarah Glim | Yuka O. Okazaki | ... | Keiichi Kitajo
Neural Plasticity
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate53%
Submission to final decision58 days
Acceptance to publication37 days
CiteScore5.200
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Impact Factor3.599
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