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Neurology Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 842980, 6 pages
Research Article

Variation in Functional Independence among Stroke Survivors Having Fatigue and Depression

1Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Bayero University, Kano 700241, Nigeria
2Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200211, Nigeria
3National Orthopaedic Hospital Dala, Kano 700252, Nigeria

Received 24 April 2013; Revised 12 August 2013; Accepted 12 August 2013

Academic Editor: Jeff Bronstein

Copyright © 2013 Umaru Muhammad Badaru et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. This study evaluated variation in functional independence in activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among individuals with poststroke fatigue (PSF) and poststroke depression (PSD). Methods. A cross-sectional survey involved 65 consenting poststroke survivors who were purposively recruited from physiotherapy clinics of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Adeoyo Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ibadan, and Federal Medical Center, Gusau. Participants were assessed for symptoms of PSD with short geriatric depression scale-15, PSF with fatigue severity scale, ADL with Barthel Index and IADL with Nottingham extended ADL scale. Data analysis was done using Chi-square and unpaired -test with significance level being 0.05. Results. Participants’ age ranged from 58 to 80 years. PSD alone ( ) and both PSF and PSD ( ) were significantly associated with ADL, while PSF alone was not ( ). PSD alone ( ) and both PSF and PSD ( ) significantly negatively affected IADL, while PSF alone had no significant effect ( ). Conclusions. Participants with PSD alone and those with both PSF and PSD had lower functional independence in ADL and IADL.