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Neurology Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 176535, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/176535
Research Article

Thicker Carotid Intima Media Thickness in Children with Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1: A-2138T and A-2464G Mutation

1Radiology Department, Medical Faculty, University of Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia
2Pharmacy Study Program, Medical Faculty, University of Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia
3Physiology Laboratory, Medical Faculty, University of Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia

Received 13 January 2014; Revised 12 March 2014; Accepted 4 April 2014; Published 22 April 2014

Academic Editor: Di Lazzaro Vincenzo

Copyright © 2014 Yuyun Yueniwati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) is clearly associated with atherosclerosis. Studies in ischemic stroke patients reveal that there is a significant association between CIMT with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and osteopontin (OPN) promoter polymorphism. This research aims to explain the effect of MCP-1 and OPN promoter polymorphism toward CIMT changes identified in Javanese Indonesian children. Subjects were 54 children: 27 were from parents with ischemic stroke (cases), and 27 were from healthy parents (controlled). The CIMT was examined by utilizing high resolution B-mode ultrasound. Physical examination and genotyping analysis of MCP-1 promoter were conducted by employing PCR method. Research results indicate that two polymorphisms were obtained, that is, A-2138T and G-2464A, respectively. A-2138T polymorphism was found in 5% of case children and in 14.3% of controlled children. G-2464A polymorphism was found in 5% of case children. CIMT of case children was significantly different from that of controlled children (  mm versus,  mm, 0.021). Subjects with MCP-1 promoter polymorphism have 1.471 times higher tendency to have thicker CIMT than subjects with no polymorphism in MCP1 promoter. OPN promoter T-66G was also studied but it did not indicate occurrence of polymorphism in samples.