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Neurology Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 1717843, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1717843
Research Article

The Early Outcomes of Nurse Case Management in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke Treated with Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

1Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand

Correspondence should be addressed to Sombat Muengtaweepongsa; moc.liamtoh@mtabmos

Received 30 January 2018; Revised 23 April 2018; Accepted 14 May 2018; Published 7 June 2018

Academic Editor: Vincenzo Di Lazzaro

Copyright © 2018 Urai Kummarg et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (i.v. rt-PA) is the milestone treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke. Stroke Fast Track (SFT) facilitates time reduction, guarantees safety, and promotes good clinical outcomes in i.v. rt-PA treatment. Nursing case management is a healthcare service providing clinical benefits in many specific diseases. The knowledge about the efficacy of a nurse case management for Stroke Fast Track is limited. We aim to study the effect of nurse case management on clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke involving intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (i.v. rt-PA) treatment. Methods. Seventy-six patients with acute ischemic stroke who received i.v. rt-PA treatment under Stroke Fast Track protocol of Thammasat University Hospital were randomized into two groups. One group was assigned to get standard care (control) while another group was assigned to get standard care under a nurse case management. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at 24 hours after treatment between the control and the experimental groups was evaluated. Results. Time from triage to treatment in the experimental group was significantly faster than in the control group (mean = 39.02 and 59.37 minutes, respectively; p=.001). The NIHSS at 24 hours after treatment in the nurse case management group was significantly improved as compared to the control group (p=.001). No symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) was detected at 24 hours after onset in both groups. Conclusion. The nurse case management should provide some benefits in the acute stroke system. Although the early benefit is demonstrated in our study, further studies are needed to ensure the long-term benefit and confirm its profit in patients with acute ischemic stroke.