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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 613589, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/613589
Research Article

Quality of Life in People with Type 2 Diabetes in Relation to Deprivation, Gender, and Age in a New Community-Based Model of Care

1NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Acute Division, Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health School, Glasgow Caledonian University, Govan Mbeki Building, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
2Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Beardmore Street, Clydebank G81 4HX, UK
3College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Nursing and Health Care, University of Glasgow, 57-61 Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow G12 8LW, UK

Received 8 December 2010; Revised 22 February 2011; Accepted 14 April 2011

Academic Editor: Barbara Resnick

Copyright © 2011 Grace Lindsay et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate changes in health related quality of life (HRQL) for individuals with Type 2 diabetes following the introduction of a new community-based model of care. Methods. A survey method was used in which HRQL, Problems Areas In Diabetes (PAID) and demographics were assessed before and 18 months after introducing the new service. Results. Overall HRQL and PAID scores were lower than published levels in individuals with diabetes but remained stable during the transition to the new model of care except for the bodily pain domain and deteriorating PAID scores for older patients. Four domains of SF36 health showed deterioration in the highest socio-economic groups. Deterioration was also observed in males, most notably mental health, in patients aged 54 years or less, 75 years or more and patients from socio-economic groups 1 and 2. HRQL was lowest at baseline and follow-up in socio-economic groups 6 & 7. Low levels of distress in patients across all deprivation categories was observed but remained stable over the transition. Conclusions. HRQL and distress associated with diabetes remained stable following the introduction of the new community-based model of care except for deterioration in the bodily pain domain and deteriorating PAID scores for older patients. Relevance for Practice. (i) Health related quality of life assessment is practical and acceptable to patients. (ii) In clinical governance terms it is good practice to monitor the impact of change in service delivery on the health of the patients in your care. (iii) Screening with health related quality of life tools such as generic and disease specific tools could help identify health problems otherwise undetected within current clinical care. Systematic identification of the most vulnerable groups with Type 2 diabetes should allow care to be better targeted.