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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 210509, 11 pages
Research Article

The Job Satisfaction of Finnish Nursing Staff: The Development of a Job Satisfaction Scale and Survey Results

1Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
3University of Tampere, 33014 Tampere, Finland

Received 8 February 2012; Revised 17 July 2012; Accepted 25 July 2012

Academic Editor: Alan Pearson

Copyright © 2012 Tarja Kvist et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper describes the development of the Kuopio University Hospital Job Satisfaction Scale (KUHJSS) and the results of the survey. The scale was developed through a systematic literature review, and its validity and reliability were assessed using several psychometric properties including expert evaluation ( ), a pilot survey ( ), and exploratory factor analysis. The final version of KUHJSS included 37 items. A large sample psychometric evaluation was made by nursing staff ( ). The exploratory factor analysis revealed seven factors with modest internal consistency (0.64–0.92). The staff reported relatively high job satisfaction. The greatest satisfaction was derived from motivating factors associated with the work; the least, from the job's demands. Respondents who considered their working units to provide an excellent quality of care reported the highest job satisfaction in every subarea ( ). The KUHJSS proved to be a reliable and valid tool for measuring job satisfaction in hospital care.