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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 713249, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/713249
Research Article

Utilization of In-Hospital Care among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1987–1999

1School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, 35 195 Växjö, Sweden
2Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, 22 100 Lund, Sweden
3Centre of Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Management and Economics, Linnaeus University Sweden, 35 195 Växjö, Sweden

Received 9 February 2012; Accepted 17 September 2012

Academic Editor: Rosa Benato

Copyright © 2012 Björn Albin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In previous longitudinal studies of mortality and morbidity among foreign-born and native-born Swedes, increased mortality and dissimilarities in mortality pattern were found. The aim of this study is to describe, compare, and analyse the utilization of in-hospital care among deceased foreign- and Swedish-born persons during the years 1987–1999 with focus on four diagnostic categories. The study population consisted of 361,974 foreign-born persons aged 16 years and upward who were registered as living in Sweden in 1970, together with 361,974 matched Swedish controls for each person. Data from Statistics Sweden (SCB) and the National Board of Health and Welfare Centre for Epidemiology, covering the period 1970–1999, was used. Persons were selected if they were admitted to hospital during 1987–1999 and the cause of death was in one of four ICD groups. The results indicate a tendency towards less health care utilization among migrants, especially men, as regards Symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions and Injury and poisoning. Further studies are needed to explore the possible explanations and the pattern of other diseases to see whether migrants, and especially migrant men, are a risk group with less utilization of health care.