Nursing Research and Practice / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Health Literacy Influences Heart Failure Knowledge Attainment but Not Self-Efficacy for Self-Care or Adherence to Self-Care over Time

Table 1

Demographic information.

Demographic characteristicAll participants Inadequate health literacy  Marginal health literacy Adequate health literacy value

Age, mean (SD), y64.68 (13.04)77.00 (11.79)*69.20 (10.76)60.97 (11.71)*0.002
Years of education, mean (SD), y13.72 (2.77)11.89 (2.67)13.2 (1.79)14.27 (2.75)0.061
BMI, mean (SD), kg/m229.84 (8.14)28.37 (5.59)38.42 (13.74)*29.06 (7.31)*0.042
Prescription medications, mean (SD)8.78 (4.28)9.30 (3.53)10.80 (1.79)8.36 (4.66)0.456
Recruitment site, (%a) 0.018
 Bloomington hospital19 (37.3)7 (13.7)3 (5.9)9 (17.6)
 Community health network4 (7.8)1 (2.0)0 (0.0)3 (5.9)
 Cleveland clinic28 (54.9)2 (3.9)2 (3.9)24 (41.1)
Male, (%)29 (56.9)5 (9.8)3 (5.69)21 (41.2)0.885
Marital status, (%)0.025
 Unmarried 5 (9.8)1 (2.0)1 (2.0)3 (5.9)
 Married34 (66.7)3 (5.9)2 (3.9)29 (56.9)
 Divorced/separated3 (5.9)0 (0.0)1 (2.0)2 (3.9)
 Widowed9 (17.6)6 (11.8)1 (2.0)2 (3.9)
Ethnicity, (%)0.287
 Black/African American3 (5.9)0 (0.0)1 (2.0)1 (2.0)
 White/Caucasian45 (88.2)9 (17.6)4 (7.8)32 (62.7)
 Hispanic/Latino3 (5.9)1 (2.0)0 (0.0)1 (2.0)
Financial status, (%)0.379
 More than enough to make ends meet22 (43.1)4 (7.8)1 (2.0)17 (33.3)
 Enough to make ends meet20 (39.2)5 (9.8)2 (3.9)13 (25.5)
 Not enough to make ends meet9 (7.6)1 (2.0)2 (3.9)6 (11.8)

Significant difference between groups in posthoc tests, .
aAll % calculated with a denominator of .