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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 921263, 7 pages
Research Article

Implementation Intentions as a Strategy to Increase the Notification Rate of Potential Ocular Tissue Donors by Nurses: A Clustered Randomized Trial in Hospital Settings

1Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 4G5
2Faculty of Nursing, Laval University, Québec, QC, Canada G1K 7P4
3Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Laval University, Québec, QC, Canada G1K 7P4
4Héma-Québec, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 5C3

Received 9 April 2014; Revised 9 June 2014; Accepted 18 June 2014; Published 15 July 2014

Academic Editor: Maria Cecilia Gallani

Copyright © 2014 Frédéric Douville et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aim. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact, among nurses in hospital settings, of a questionnaire-based implementation intentions intervention on notification of potential ocular tissue donors to donation stakeholders. Methods. This randomized intervention was clustered at the level of hospital departments with two study arms: questionnaire-based implementation intentions intervention and control. In the intervention group, nurses were asked to plan specific actions if faced with a number of barriers when reporting potential ocular donors. The primary outcome was the potential ocular tissue donors’ notification rate before and after the intervention. Analysis was based on a generalized linear model with an identity link and a binomial distribution. Results. We compared outcomes in 26 departments from 5 hospitals, 13 departments per condition. The implementation intentions intervention did not significantly increase the notification rate of ocular tissue donors (intervention: 23.1% versus control: 21.1%; , 2; ). Conclusion. A single and brief implementation intentions intervention among nurses did not modify the notification rate of potential ocular tissue donors to donation stakeholders. Low exposure to the intervention was a major challenge in this study. Further studies should carefully consider a multicomponent intervention to increase exposure to this type of intervention.