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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 973602, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/973602
Research Article

Nurses’ Knowledge, Practices, and Barriers in Care of Patients with Pressure Ulcers in a Ugandan Teaching Hospital

1Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda
2Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
3Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, 525 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA

Received 18 December 2013; Accepted 16 January 2014; Published 24 February 2014

Academic Editor: Linda Moneyham

Copyright © 2014 Ivan Mwebaza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pressure ulcers have been identified as a major burden of hospitalization worldwide, and nurses are at the forefront of prevention. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding risk factors, prevention, and management of pressure ulcers at a teaching hospital in Uganda. The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. Fifty-six Ugandan registered practicing nurses were sampled. A composite self-administered questionnaire and an observation checklist were utilized. The nurses had limited knowledge about critical parameters of pressure ulcers. Prevention practices were observed to be unreliable and uncoordinated related to a significant shortage of staff and logistics for pressure ulcer prevention. Nurses had poor access to current literature on pressure ulcer prevention. Translation of nurses’ knowledge into practice is possible if barriers like staff shortage, pressure relieving devices provision, and risk assessment tools are addressed at Mulago.