Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 932763, 7 pages
Research Article

Spousal Presence as a Nonpharmacological Pain Management during Childbirth: A Pilot Study

1Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Yliopistonranta 1C, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2Kuopio University Hospital (KUH), P.O. Box 100, 70029 Kuopio, Finland

Received 4 May 2015; Revised 21 October 2015; Accepted 25 October 2015

Academic Editor: Maria Helena Palucci Marziale

Copyright © 2015 Abigail U. Emelonye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Measures of spousal effect during parturient pain should take a tripartite approach involving the parturients, spouses, and midwives. Aim. To develop and validate three questionnaires measuring spousal presence in management of parturient pain in Nigeria. Methods. There are two phases: (1) development of questionnaires, Abuja Instrument for Midwives (AIM), Abuja Instrument for Parturient Pain (AIPP), and Abuja Instrument for Parturient Spouses (AIPS), utilizing literatures, Kuopio instrument for fathers (KIF) and expertise of health professionals, and (2) pilot study to validate the questionnaires which were administered in two hospitals in Nigeria: midwives , parturients , and spouses .  Results. Internal consistency for the three questionnaires indicated Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.789 (AIM), 0.802 (AIPP), and 0.860 (AIPS), while test-retest reliability was (AIM), (AIPP), and (AIPS). Conclusions. AIM, AIPP, and AIPS provide a means of investigating the effectiveness of spousal presence in management of parturient pain in Nigeria. However, further testing of each instrument is needed in a larger population to replicate the beneficial findings of AIMS, AIPP, and AIPS which can contribute rigor to future studies.