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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4685157, 11 pages
Review Article

Comparing Intravenous Insertion Instructional Methods with Haptic Simulators

1University of Houston, 14000 University Blvd., Sugar Land, TX 77479, USA
2Texas Woman’s University, 6700 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030-2343, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Lenora A. McWilliams

Received 30 June 2016; Accepted 4 January 2017; Published 29 January 2017

Academic Editor: Maria H. F. Grypdonck

Copyright © 2017 Lenora A. McWilliams and Ann Malecha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. The objective of this review was to compare traditional intravenous (IV) insertion instructional methods with the use of haptic IV simulators. Design. An integrative research design was used to analyze the current literature. Data Sources. A search was conducted using key words intravenous (IV) insertion or cannulation or venipuncture and simulation from 2000 to 2015 in the English language. The databases included Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Education Resource Information Center, and Medline. Review Methods. Whittemore and Knafl’s (2005) strategies were used to critique the articles for themes and similarities. Results. Comparisons of outcomes between traditional IV instructional methods and the use of haptic IV simulators continue to show various results. Positive results indicate that the use of the haptic IV simulator decreases both band constriction and total procedure time. While students are satisfied with practicing on the haptic simulators, they still desire faculty involvement. Conclusion. Combining the haptic IV simulator with practical experience on the IV arm may be the best practice for learning IV insertion. Research employing active learning strategies while using a haptic IV simulator during the learning process may reduce cost and faculty time.