Table of Contents
Organic Chemistry International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 306162, 5 pages
Research Article

Barium Dichloride as a Powerful and Inexpensive Catalyst for the Pechmann Condensation without Using Solvent

Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch, Gachsaran, Iran

Received 17 August 2012; Revised 2 October 2012; Accepted 2 October 2012

Academic Editor: Robert Engel

Copyright © 2012 Saeed Khodabakhshi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Various coumarin derivatives have been efficiently synthesized via barium dichloride-catalyzed Pechmann condensation reaction of various phenols and β-keto esters under solvent-free conditions. This novel and inexpensive method has advantages such as short reaction times, excellent product yields, and avoidance of organic solvents in agreement with green chemistry principles.