Table of Contents
Organic Chemistry International
Volume 2013, Article ID 584708, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/584708
Research Article

Catalytic Synthesis of 3-Methyl-1-phenyl-1H-benzo[g]pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoline-5,10-dione Derivatives Using Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles as Heterogeneous Catalyst in Green Conditions

1Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
2Agricultural Researches and Services Center, Mashhad, Iran

Received 28 April 2013; Revised 29 June 2013; Accepted 9 July 2013

Academic Editor: Daniel Little

Copyright © 2013 Ali Gharib et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We have developed a new methodology for the synthesis of 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-benzo[g]pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoline-5,10-dione derivatives in excellent yields. A new green chemistry protocol with the reusability of the nanoparticle as catalyst has been developed for the synthesis of 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-benzo[g]pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoline-5,10-dione derivatives via one-pot reaction of 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-amine, arylaldehydes, and 2-hydroxynaphthalene-1,4-dione in water as green solvent and using cerium oxide nanoparticles (CONPs) as heterogeneous catalyst. The present methodology affords several advantages such as simple procedure, excellent yields, and short reaction time. The catalyst is inexpensive, stable, easily recycled, and reused for several cycles with consistent activity.