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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 325635, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/325635
Clinical Study

Nifedipine-Induced Changes in the Electrohysterogram of Preterm Contractions: Feasibility in Clinical Practice

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Máxima Medical Centre, De Run 4600, 5504 DB Veldhoven, The Netherlands
2Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Received 24 November 2009; Accepted 16 April 2010

Academic Editor: Faustino R. Pérez-López

Copyright © 2010 Maartje P. G. C. Vinken et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Evaluating changes in the power spectral density (PSD) peak frequency of the electrohysterogram (EHG) caused by nifedipine in women with preterm contractions. Methods. Calculation of the PSD peak frequency in EHG contraction bursts at different times of nifedipine treatment in women in gestational age 24 to 32 weeks with contractions. Results. A significant ( ) decrease of PSD peak frequency between EHG signals measured before and 15 minutes after administration of nifedipine. A significant ( ) decrease in PSD peak frequency comparing signals recorded within 24 hours after administration of nifedipine to signals 1 day after tocolytic treatment. A higher average PSD peak frequency for patients delivering within 1 week than that for patients delivering after 1 week from nifedipine treatment ( ). Conclusions. EHG signal analysis has great potential for quantitative monitoring of uterine contractions. Treatment with nifedipine leads to a shift to lower PSD peak frequency in the EHG signal.