Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2010, Article ID 490219, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/490219
Clinical Study

Systemic Lymphadenectomy Cannot Be Recommended for Low-Risk Corpus Cancer

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan

Received 24 September 2009; Accepted 9 January 2010

Academic Editor: Enrique Hernandez

Copyright © 2010 Takao Hidaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Jemal, R. Siegel, E. Ward, Y. Hao, J. Xu, and M. J. Thun, “Cancer statistics, 2009,” CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 225–249, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. E. Podczaski, P. Kaminski, K. Gurski et al., “Detection and patterns of treatment failure in 300 consecutive cases of “early” endometrial cancer after primary surgery,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 323–327, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. S. Carey, G. J. O'Connell, C. R. Johanson et al., “Good outcome associated with a standardized treatment protocol using selective postoperative radiation in patients with clinical stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 138–144, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. “FIGO stages—1988 revision,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 35, pp. 125–126, 1989.
  5. A. Mariani, M. J. Webb, G. L. Keeney, M. G. Haddock, G. Calori, and K. C. Podratz, “Low-risk corpus cancer: is lymphadenectomy or radiotherapy necessary?” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 182, no. 6, pp. 1506–1519, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. T. Hidaka, K. Kato, R. Yonezawa et al., “Omission of lymphadenectomy is possible for low-risk corpus cancer,” European Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 86–90, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. W. T. Creasman, C. P. Morrow, B. N. Bundy, H. D. Homesley, J. E. Graham, and P. B. Heller, “Surgical pathologic spread patterns of endometrial cancer. A gynecologic oncology group study,” Cancer, vol. 60, supplement 8, pp. 2035–2041, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. S. Piver and R. E. Hempling, “A prospective trial of postoperative vaginal radium/cesium for grade 1-2 less than 50% myometrial invasion and pelvic radiation therapy for grade 3 or deep myometrial invasion in surgical stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma,” Cancer, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 1133–1138, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. L. Trimble, C. Kosary, and R. C. Park, “Lymph node sampling and survival in endometrial cancer,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 340–343, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. B. A. Goff and L. W. Rice, “Assessment of depth of myometrial invasion in endometrial adenocarcinoma,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 46–48, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Yokoyama, H. Maruyama, S. Sato, and Y. Saito, “Indispensability of pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancers,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 411–417, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. M. Frumovitz, D. K. Singh, L. Meyer et al., “Predictors of final histology in patients with endometrial cancer,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 463–468, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. C. P. Morrow, B. N. Bundy, R. J. Kurman et al., “Relationship between surgical-pathological risk factors and outcome in clinical stage I and II carcinoma of the endometrium: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 55–65, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. S. Chi, R. R. Barakat, M. J. Palayekar et al., “The incidence of pelvic lymph node metastasis by FIGO staging for patients with adequately surgically staged endometrial adenocarcinoma of endometrioid histology,” International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 269–273, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  15. I. Ben-Shachar, J. Pavelka, D. E. Cohn et al., “Surgical staging for patients presenting with grade 1 endometrial carcinoma,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 487–493, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. H. Kitchener, A. M. Swart, Q. Qian, C. Amos, and M. K. Parmar, “Efficacy of systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancer (MRC ASTEC trial): a randomised study,” The Lancet, vol. 373, pp. 125–136, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. P. B. Panici, S. Basile, F. Maneschi et al., “Systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy vs. no lymphadenectomy in early-stage endometrial carcinoma: randomized clinical trial,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 100, no. 23, pp. 1707–1716, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  18. R. C. Boronow, C. P. Morrow, and W. T. Creasman, “Surgical staging in endometrial cancer: clinical-pathologic findings of a prospective study,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 825–832, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Mariani, M. J. Webb, G. L. Keeney, G. Aletti, and K. C. Podratz, “Endometrial cancer: predictors of peritoneal failure,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 236–242, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. A. Montalto, M. Coutts, O. Devaja, J. Summers, R. Jyothirmayi, and A. Papadopoulos, “Accuracy of frozen section diagnosis at surgery in pre-malignant and malignant lesions of the endometrium,” European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 435–440, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. A. Scudder, P. Y. Liu, S. P. Wilczynski et al., “Paclitaxel and carboplatin with amifostine in advanced, recurrent, or refractory endometrial adenocarcinoma: a phase II study of the Southwest Oncology Group,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 610–615, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. G. F. Fleming, V. L. Brunetto, D. Cella et al., “Phase III trial of doxorubicin plus cisplatin with or without paclitaxel plus filgrastim in advanced endometrial carcinoma: a Gynecologic Oncology Group Study,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2159–2166, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. P. J. Hoskins, K. D. Swenerton, J. A. Pike et al., “Paclitaxel and carboplatin, alone or with irradiation, in advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer: a phase II study,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 19, no. 20, pp. 4048–4053, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. A. Dimopoulos, C. A. Papadimitriou, V. Georgoulias et al., “Paclitaxel and cisplatin in advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the endometrium: long-term results of a phase II multicenter study,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 52–57, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  25. A. Lissoni, A. Gabriele, G. Gorga et al., “Cisplatin-, epirubicin- and paclitaxel-containing chemotherapy in uterine adenocarcinoma,” Annals of Oncology, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 969–972, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. M. Larson, K. Johnson, and K. A. Olson, “Pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy for surgical staging of endometrial cancer: morbidity and mortality,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 998–1001, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Franchi, F. Ghezzi, C. Riva, M. Miglierina, M. Buttarelli, and P. Bolis, “Postoperative complications after pelvic lymphadenectomy for the surgical staging of endometrial cancer,” Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 232–237, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  28. M. L. Framarino dei Malatesta, F. Pecorini, A. Paolucci et al., “Complications in the surgical treatment of carcinoma of the endometrium,” Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 30–32, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  29. L. A. Brinton, M. L. Berman, R. Mortel et al., “Reproductive, menstrual, and medical risk factors for endometrial cancer: results from a case-control study,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 167, no. 5, pp. 1317–1325, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. R. Folsom, S. A. Kaye, J. D. Potter, and R. J. Prineas, “Association of incident carcinoma of the endometrium with body weight and fat distribution in older women: early findings of the Iowa Women's Health Study,” Cancer Research, vol. 49, no. 23, pp. 6828–6831, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus