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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 274303, 7 pages
Research Article

The Relationship between Fear of Childbirth and Women’s Knowledge about Painless Childbirth

1Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nenehatun Hospital, 25070 Erzurum, Turkey

Received 27 March 2014; Accepted 14 August 2014; Published 12 November 2014

Academic Editor: Curt W. Burger

Copyright © 2014 Mehmet Aksoy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study investigated the association between fear of childbirth (FOC) and women’s knowledge about painless childbirth methods. The study was performed on 900 multiparous women within the last month of pregnancy. Data was obtained through a questionnaire including the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) Turkish form A. FOC was defined as W-DEQ sum score ≥85. Women were questioned about their knowledge about painless childbirth and the most important source of this knowledge. Group 1 consists of participants with knowledge about painless childbirth. Group 2 consists of participants without knowledge about painless childbirth. Five hundred and twenty-four women (58.2%) had knowledge while 376 women (41.7%) had no knowledge about painless childbirth. Mean W-DEQ scores in group 1 () were found to be lower than group 2 () (). FOC was associated with increased maternal request for elective caesarean section (OR 4.22, 95% CI 2.91–6.11). Better informed pregnant women about painless childbirth methods may reduce the number of women with FOC and the rate of preferred elective caesarean section.