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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 967693, 4 pages
Research Article

Cattle Uterus: A Novel Animal Laboratory Model for Advanced Hysteroscopic Surgery Training

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Birmingham City Hospital, Birmingham, West Midlands B18 7QH, UK

Received 14 May 2015; Accepted 17 June 2015

Academic Editor: Thomas Herzog

Copyright © 2015 Ayman A. A. Ewies and Zahid R. Khan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, due to reduced training opportunities, the major shift in surgical training is towards the use of simulation and animal laboratories. Despite the merits of Virtual Reality Simulators, they are far from representing the real challenges encountered in theatres. We introduce the “Cattle Uterus Model” in the hope that it will be adopted in training courses as a low cost and easy-to-set-up tool. It adds new dimensions to the advanced hysteroscopic surgery training experience by providing tactile sensation and simulating intraoperative difficulties. It complements conventional surgical training, aiming to maximise clinical exposure and minimise patients’ harm.