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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2016, Article ID 4840762, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4840762
Research Article

Determinants of Patient Delay in Seeking Diagnosis and Treatment among Moroccan Women with Cervical Cancer

1Laboratory of Genetic, Neuroendocrinology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
2National Institute of Oncology, Rabat, Morocco
3Lalla Salma Foundation-Prevention and Treatment of Cancers, Rabat, Morocco
4Laboratory of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Medical and Pharmacy School, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco

Received 11 August 2016; Accepted 12 October 2016

Academic Editor: Peter E. Schwartz

Copyright © 2016 Fatima Ouasmani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA–IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay. Results. Four hundred and one patients with cervical cancer enrolled in this study. The mean age was 52.4 years (SD = 11.5). 53.6% were illiterate. Abnormal vaginal bleeding was identified for 65.8% of patients. 60.1% were diagnosed at stages IIA-IIB. 55.4% were found having patient delay. The regression analyses showed the association between literacy (), distance of the place of the first consultation (), abnormal vaginal bleeding as an earlier symptom (), stage at diagnosis (), knowledge of symptoms (), knowledge of causes (), and practice of gynecological exam during the last three years () and the patient delay. Conclusion. Educational messages should aim at increasing awareness of cervical cancer, assisting women in symptom recognition, and encouraging earlier presentation.