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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8249264, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8249264
Clinical Study

The Effects of Vitamin D Supplement on Prevention of Recurrence of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women with a History of Preeclampsia

1Department of Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Science, Sanandaj, Iran
2East Azerbaijan ACECR Medical Center, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Sanam Behjat Sasan; moc.oohay@nasas.manas

Received 6 April 2017; Revised 12 June 2017; Accepted 4 July 2017; Published 17 August 2017

Academic Editor: Enrique Hernandez

Copyright © 2017 Sanam Behjat Sasan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome. One of the hypotheses concerning the etiology of preeclampsia is vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy. Method and Materials. The present study is a randomized controlled clinical trial which aims to determine the effect of vitamin D supplement on reducing the probability of recurrent preeclampsia. 72 patients were placed in control group while 70 patients were randomized to the intervention group. The intervention group received a 50000 IU pearl vitamin D3 once every two weeks. The control group was administered placebo. Vitamin D or placebo was given until the 36th week of pregnancy. Results. The patients in intervention group have significantly lower (P value = 0.036) probability of preeclampsia than patients in the control group. The risk of preeclampsia for the control group was 1.94 times higher than that for the intervention group (95% CI 1.02, 3.71). Conclusion. The intended intervention (i.e., prescription of vitamin D) has a protective effect against recurrent preeclampsia. Vitamin D supplementation therapy in pregnancy could help in reducing the incidence of gestational hypertension/preeclampsia. Registration. This study has been registered in Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) site with ID number IRCT2017010131695N1.