Table 2: Themes and categories that emerged.


Challenges of living with obstetric fistula(i) Physical challenges
 (a) Mell and wounds
 (b) Urine and fecal incontinence
(ii) Psychosocial challenges
 (a) Stigma and isolation
 (b) Disrupted marital relationships and immediate divorces
(iii) Socioeconomic challenges
 (a) Dependency and powerlessness
 (b) Profound poverty and financial constraints

Coping strategy(iv) Withdrawal from the community
(v) Improved personal hygiene

Source: thematic analysis of the field data 2017.