Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9795681, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9795681
Research Article

Management of Menstrual Disorder in Adolescent Girls with Intellectual Disabilities: A Blessing or a Curse?

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Psychiatry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Gynaecology, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Kah Teik Chew; moc.liamg@tkwehcrd

Received 30 December 2017; Accepted 24 June 2018; Published 11 July 2018

Academic Editor: Peter E. Schwartz

Copyright © 2018 Abu Ishak Nurkhairulnisa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. M. Burke, C. Z. Kalpakjian, Y. R. Smith, and E. H. Quint, “Gynecologic issues of adolescents with Down syndrome, autism, and cerebral palsy,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 11–15, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. Angelopoulou, V. Souftas, A. Sakadamis, G. Matziari, V. Papameletiou, and K. Mandroukas, “Gonadal function in young women with Down syndrome,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Goldstein, “Menarche, menstruation, sexual relations and contraception of adolescent females with Down syndrome,” European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 343–349, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Zacharin, I. Savasi, and S. Grover, “The impact of menstruation in adolescents with disabilities related to cerebral palsy,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 95, no. 7, pp. 526–530, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Yaacob, N. M. Nasir, S. N. Jalil et al., “Parents or caregiver’s perception on menstrual care in individuals with Down Syndrome,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 36, pp. 128–136, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. G. Carlson and J. Wilson, “Menstrual management: the mother’s perspective,” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Rodgers, “Pain, shame, blood, and doctors: how women with learning difficulties experience menstruation,” in Women’s Studies International Forum, pp. 523–539, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Rodgers, “The experience and management of menstruation for women with learning disabilities,” Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 36–44, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Ditchfield and J. Burns, “Understanding our bodies, understanding ourselves: the menstrual cycle, mental health and women with learning disabilities,” Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 24–32, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. D. Dizon, L. M. Allen, and M. P. Ornstein, “Menstrual and contraceptive issues among young women with developmental delay: a retrospective review of cases at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 157–162, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. Ibralic, O. Sinanovic, and H. Memisevic, “Age at menarche and premenstrual syndrome in adolescent girls with intellectual disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 800–803, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. S. Scola and S. M. Pueschel, “Menstrual cycles and basal body temperature curves in women with Down syndrome,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 91–94, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  13. J. Tracy, S. Grover, and S. Macgibbon, “Menstrual issues for women with intellectual disability,” Australian Prescriber, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 54–57, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Ranganath and S. Rajangam, “Menstrual history in women with down syndrome-a review,” Indian Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 18, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Chavan, “Menstrual pattern among females with intellectual disability: a cross sectional study,” Journal of Disability Management and Rehabilitation, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 8–12, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. R. Grover, “Menstrual and contraceptive management in women with an intellectual disability,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 176, no. 3, pp. 108–110, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. E. Elkins, L. S. Gafford, C. S. Wilks, D. Muram, and G. Golden, “A model clinic approach to the reproductive health concerns of the mentally handicapped,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 185–188, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  18. E. Jeffery, S. Kayani, and A. Garden, “Management of menstrual problems in adolescents with learning and physical disabilities,” Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 106–112, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. L. Mason and C. Cunningham, “An exploration of issues around menstruation for women with Down syndrome and their carers,” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 257–267, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. R. Devkota, E. Murray, M. Kett, and N. Groce, “Healthcare provider’s attitude towards disability and experience of women with disabilities in the use of maternal healthcare service in rural Nepal,” Reproductive Health, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 79, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. I. Nurkhairulnisa, Z. Ani Amelia, W. I. Wan Salwina et al., “Menstrual management in girls with intellectual disabilities: a questionnaire based study,” Journal of Surgical Academia, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 59, 2013. View at Google Scholar