Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Factors Affecting the Utilization of a Minimum of Four Antenatal Care Services in Ethiopia

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of minimum of 4 ANC visits during pregnancy in Ethiopia, 2016 EDHS.

VariablesMinimum of 4 ANC visits
Yes, N (%)No, N (%)Total, N (%)

Residence
Urban1011 (38.9)495 (10.8)1506 (21.0)
Rural1587 (61.1)4074 (89.2)5661 (79.0)
Region
Tigray430 (16.6)333 (7.3)763 (10.6)
Afar106 (4.1)539 (11.8)645 (9.0)
Amhara231 (8.9)532 (11.6)763 (10.6)
Oromia232 (8.9)798 (17.5)1030 (14.4)
Somali101 (3.9)698 (15.3)799 (11.1)
Benishangul231 (8.9)345 (7.6)576 (8.0)
SNNPRa350 (13.5)540 (11.8)890 (12.4)
Gambella185 (7.1)348 (7.6)533 (7.4)
Harari147 (5.7)263 (5.8)410 (5.7)
Addis Ababa334 (12.9)40 (0.9)374 (5.2)
Dire Dawa251 (9.7)133 (2.9)384 (5.4)
Mothers’ education level
None1072 (41.3)3270 (71.6)4342 (60.6)
Primary896 (34.5)1040 (22.8)1936 (27.0)
Secondary and higher630 (24.2)259 (5.7)889 (12.4)
Age of mothers
15–24669 (25.8)1178 (25.8)1847 (25.8)
25–341366 (52.6)2164 (47.4)3530 (49.3)
35–49563 (21.7)1227 (26.9)1790 (25.0)
Wealth index
Poor777 (29.9)2819 (61.7)3596 (50.2)
Middle346 (13.3)677 (14.8)1023 (14.3)
Rich1475 (56.8)1073 (23.5)2548 (35.6)
Respondents currently working
No1654 (63.7)3362 (73.6)5016 (70.0)
Yes944 (36.3)1207 (26.4)2151 (30.0)
Birth order
First535 (20.6)908 (19.9)1443 (20.1)
2-3817 (31.4)1460 (32.0)2277 (31.8)
4-5583 (22.4)1065 (23.3)1648 (23.0)
6 or more663 (25.5)1136 (24.9)1799 (25.1)
Desire for pregnancy
Then2068 (79.6)3650 (79.9)5718 (79.8)
Later397 (15.3)592 (13.0)989 (13.8)
No more133 (5.1)327 (7.2)460 (6.4)
Frequency of reading newspaper
Not at all2156 (83.0)4411 (96.5)6567 (91.6)
Less than once a week343 (13.2)117 (2.6)460 (6.4)
At least once a week99 (3.8)41 (0.9)140 (2.0)
Frequency of listening to radio
Not at all1581 (60.9)3745 (82.0)5326 (74.3)
Less than once a week486 (18.7)435 (9.5)921 (12.9)
At least once a week531 (20.4)389 (8.5)920 (12.8)
Frequency of watching television
Not at all1540 (59.3)3950 (86.5)5490 (76.6)
Less than once a week289 (11.1)336 (7.4)625 (8.7)
At least once a week769 (29.6)283 (6.2)1052 (14.7)

SNNPR, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region.

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