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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2 (2009), Issue 3, Pages 146-151
http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.3.8622

Sphingosine Protects Aging Hearts from Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Superiority to Sphingosine 1-Phosphate and Ischemic Pre- and Post-Conditioning

1Liver Study Unit, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
2Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
3Drug Studies Unit, Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Received 30 March 2009; Revised 1 April 2009; Accepted 2 April 2009

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Donald A. Vessey, Michael Kelley, Luyi Li, and Yong Huang, “Sphingosine Protects Aging Hearts from Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Superiority to Sphingosine 1-Phosphate and Ischemic Pre- and Post-Conditioning,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 146-151, 2009. doi:10.4161/oxim.2.3.8622