Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2012 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Oxidants, Antioxidants, and the Beneficial Roles of Exercise-Induced Production of Reactive Species

Figure 1

The mitochondrial respiratory chain. Electrons are transferred from complexes I, II, and III to IV. However, inadequate coupling of electron transfer can cause leakage, generating superoxide anions at different complex levels.

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