Research Article

A Combination of Lipoic Acid Plus Coenzyme Q10 Induces PGC1α, a Master Switch of Energy Metabolism, Improves Stress Response, and Increases Cellular Glutathione Levels in Cultured C2C12 Skeletal Muscle Cells

Figure 3

(a) TFAM mRNA and (b) nucleic Nrf2 protein levels of C2C12 cells following incubation with 250 μmol/L LA plus 100 μmol/L Q10 for 16 h (mRNA data are mean + SEM of three independent experiments; Mann-Whitney U test).