Figure 4: Effects of acute ethanol gavage on hepatic gene expression of BAX, Bcl-2, and caspase 8 at 2 h, 24 h, and 72 h after . Hepatic gene expression of Bax, Bcl-2 (a), and caspase 8 (b) was analyzed. After normalization to GAPDH expression, the ratio of Bcl-2 : Bax gene expression was determined and caspase 8 gene expression was measured as fold change compared to sham-operated control group. Ctrl: saline gavage, EtOH: ethanol gavage, sham: surgical procedure without the onset of H/R and H/R: rats undergoing hemorrhagic shock with subsequent resuscitation ( versus other groups, for 24 h groups, and for other groups).