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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2013, Article ID 639541, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/639541
Review Article

Therapeutic Roles of Heme Oxygenase-1 in Metabolic Diseases: Curcumin and Resveratrol Analogues as Possible Inducers of Heme Oxygenase-1

1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, 460 Iksandae-ro, Iksan 570-749, Republic of Korea
2Department of Biological Science, University of Ulsan, 30 Daehack-ro, Ulsan 680-749, Republic of Korea
3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, 460 Iksandae-ro, Iksan 570-749, Republic of Korea

Received 5 June 2013; Revised 4 August 2013; Accepted 12 August 2013

Academic Editor: Joseph Fomusi Ndisang

Copyright © 2013 Yong Son et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Metabolic diseases, such as insulin resistance, type II diabetes, and obesity, are associated with a low-grade chronic inflammation (inflammatory stress), oxidative stress, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Because the integration of these stresses is critical to the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases, agents and cellular molecules that can modulate these stress responses are emerging as potential targets for intervention and treatment of metabolic diseases. It has been recognized that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays an important role in cellular protection. Because HO-1 can reduce inflammatory stress, oxidative stress, and ER stress, in part by exerting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects, HO-1 has been suggested to play important roles in pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. In the present review, we will explore our current understanding of the protective mechanisms of HO-1 in metabolic diseases and present some emerging therapeutic options for HO-1 expression in treating metabolic diseases, together with the therapeutic potential of curcumin and resveratrol analogues that have their ability to induce HO-1 expression.