Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2013 / Article / Fig 10

Research Article

Major Components of Energy Drinks (Caffeine, Taurine, and Guarana) Exert Cytotoxic Effects on Human Neuronal SH-SY5Y Cells by Decreasing Reactive Oxygen Species Production

Figure 10

Antioxidant enzyme activity and oxidative damage parameters on human neuronal SH-SY5Y cells treated for 2 hours with drug combinations (guarana, caffeine, and taurine). Measurements for SOD (a), CAT (b), GPx (c), GST (d), SH (e), and TBARS (f) at different drug concentrations (mg/mL) are shown. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM of three independent experiments ( ). Statistical difference compared to control was determined by one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s multiple comparison test ( ; ; ).
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