Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2013, Article ID 978101, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/978101
Research Article

Reversal of Myoblast Aging by Tocotrienol Rich Fraction Posttreatment

1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Thérapie des Maladies du Muscle Strié, Institut de Myologie, UM76, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 47 Boulevard de l’hôpital, G.H. Pitié-Salpétrière, Bâtiment Babinski, Cedex 13, 75651 Paris, France
3INSERM U974, 47 Boulevard de l’hôpital, G.H. Pitié-Salpétrière, Bâtiment Babinski, Cedex 13, 75651 Paris, France
4CNRS UMR 7215, 47 Boulevard de l’hôpital, G.H. Pitié-Salpétrière, Bâtiment Babinski, Cedex 13, 75651 Paris, France

Received 5 July 2013; Revised 17 October 2013; Accepted 21 October 2013

Academic Editor: Consuelo Borras

Copyright © 2013 Jing Jye Lim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Skeletal muscle satellite cells are heavily involved in the regeneration of skeletal muscle in response to the aging-related deterioration of the skeletal muscle mass, strength, and regenerative capacity, termed as sarcopenia. This study focused on the effect of tocotrienol rich fraction (TRF) on regenerative capacity of myoblasts in stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS). The myoblasts was grouped as young control, SIPS-induced, TRF control, TRF pretreatment, and TRF posttreatment. Optimum dose of TRF, morphological observation, activity of senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-galactosidase), and cell proliferation were determined. 50 μg/mL TRF treatment exhibited the highest cell proliferation capacity. SIPS-induced myoblasts exhibit large flattened cells and prominent intermediate filaments (senescent-like morphology). The activity of SA-β-galactosidase was significantly increased, but the proliferation capacity was significantly reduced as compared to young control. The activity of SA-β-galactosidase was significantly reduced and cell proliferation was significantly increased in the posttreatment group whereas there was no significant difference in SA-β-galactosidase activity and proliferation capacity of pretreatment group as compared to SIPS-induced myoblasts. Based on the data, we hypothesized that TRF may reverse the myoblasts aging through replenishing the regenerative capacity of the cells. However, further investigation on the mechanism of TRF in reversing the myoblast aging is needed.