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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 641979, 11 pages
Review Article

Dysregulation of Histone Acetyltransferases and Deacetylases in Cardiovascular Diseases

1Cardiovascular Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, 71 Xinmin Street, Changchun 130021, China
2Department of Pediatrics, Kosair Children Hospital Research Institute, University of Louisville, 570 South Preston Street, Baxter I, Suite 304F, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
3The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, China
4The Second Artillery General Hospital, Beijing 100088, China

Received 16 October 2013; Accepted 6 January 2014; Published 18 February 2014

Academic Editor: José Luís García-Giménez

Copyright © 2014 Yonggang Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide despite advances in its prevention and management. A comprehensive understanding of factors which contribute to CVD is required in order to develop more effective treatment options. Dysregulation of epigenetic posttranscriptional modifications of histones in chromatin is thought to be associated with the pathology of many disease models, including CVD. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylases (HDACs) are regulators of histone lysine acetylation. Recent studies have implicated a fundamental role of reversible protein acetylation in the regulation of CVDs such as hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, diabetic cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, and heart failure. This reversible acetylation is governed by enzymes that HATs add or HDACs remove acetyl groups respectively. New evidence has revealed that histone acetylation regulators blunt cardiovascular and related disease states in certain cellular processes including myocyte hypertrophy, apoptosis, fibrosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation. The accumulating evidence of the detrimental role of histone acetylation in cardiac disease combined with the cardioprotective role of histone acetylation regulators suggests that the use of histone acetylation regulators may serve as a novel approach to treating the millions of patients afflicted by cardiac diseases worldwide.