Table 1: Biometric and clinical chemistry parameters (mean ± SEM) of the two patient groups under study: obese with metabolic syndrome (OB w.MetS) and obese without metabolic syndrome (OB w.o.MetS).

ParameterOB w.MetS
( = 67, 59 F/8 M)
OB w.o.MetS
( = 45, 41 F/4 M)

BMI (kg/m2)41.8 ± 1.538.3 ± 1.3
WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE (cm)121.7 ± 2.3115.0 ± 2.7
FAT MASS (%)42.2 ± 0.942.7 ± 1.3
LEAN MASS (%)57.8 ± 0.957.3 ± 1.3
PLASMA TOTAL CHOL (mg/dL)211.0 ± 7.8190.8 ± 6.5
PLASMA LDL (mg/dL)135.2 ± 5.8119.7 ± 6.8
PLASMA HDL (mg/dL)42.5 ± 1.355.2 ± 2.1#
PLASMA TG (mg/dL)190.8 ± 15.481.9 ± 4.7#
PLASMA TOTAL CHOL/HDL ratio5.1 ± 0.23.59 ± 0.2#
PLASMA TG/HDL ratio4.71 ± 0.51.57 ± 0.1#
FASTING GLUCOSE (mg/dL)104.8 ± 3.786.7 ± 1.9
FASTING INSULIN (μU/mL)34.3 ± 3.621.5 ± 2.4
CRP (mg/dL)1.1 ± 0.20.7 ± 0.1
ALP (IU/L)95.2 ± 7.076.3 ± 6.4
AST (IU/L)27.4 ± 2.618.1 ± 1.1
ALT (IU/L)43.9 ± 6.539.2 ± 16.2
gammaGT (IU/L)42.9 ± 7.020.6 ± 4.3#

; ; .
Abbreviations: BMI (body mass index); CHOL (cholesterol); LDL (low density lipoproteins); HDL (high density lipoproteins); TG (triglycerides); CRP (C-reactive protein); ALP (alkaline phosphatase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), gamma GT (gamma glutamyltransferase); U (units); IU (international units).