Research Article

Hypochlorite-Modified Albumin Upregulates ICAM-1 Expression via a MAPK–NF-κB Signaling Cascade: Protective Effects of Apocynin

Figure 4

Effects of MAPKs and NF-κB on HOCl-alb-induced ICAM-1 expression. HUVECs were preincubated with the indicated concentrations of U0126, SB203580 (a), or SN50 (b) for 1 h before stimulation with 200 mg/L HOCl-alb for 12 h. ICAM-1 protein expression was analyzed with western blotting. Data are expressed as the means ± SD of three independent experiments. ANOVA, in (a) and (b); versus control, versus the HOCl-alb group.