Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Plant-Derived Agents for Counteracting Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity

Table 2

Structures of phytochemicals investigated for renoprotective action against cisplatin- (CSP-) induced nephrotoxicity.

PhytochemicalStructureChemical class

23-Hydroxytormentic acidCarboxylic acid

6-GingerolDecanone

6-Hydroxy-1-methylindole-3-acetonitrileNitrile

Caffeic acid phenylethyl esterEster

CannabidiolMonoterpene

-CaryophylleneBicyclic alkene

CinnamaldehydeAldehyde

CurcuminDiketone

BerberineIsoquinoline

BixinApocarotenoid

C-PhycocyaninPhycobiliprotein

CapsaicinAmide

CardamoninChalconoid

Carnosic acidBenzenediol abietane diterpene

ChrysinFlavonoid

Cinnamic acidCarboxylic acid

CyanidinAnthocyanidin

DecursinCoumarin

Ellagic acidChromene-5,10-dione

EmodinAnthraquinone

Epigallocatechin-3-gallatePolyphenol

GenisteinIsoflavone

GinsenosideTriterpene-saponin

Glycyrrhizic acidTriterpenoid saponin

HesperidinLicorice chalconoid

IsoliquiritigeninChalconoid

Licochalcone AChalconoid

LigustrazinePyrazine

LuteolinFlavanone

LycopeneCarotenoid

NaringeninFlavanone

PaeonolAcetophenone

Penta-O-galloyl-B-D-glucoseGlycoside

Platycodin DSaponin

QuercetinFlavonol

ResveratrolStilbenoid

Rosmarinic acidCaffeic acid

RutinChroman-4-one

Schizandrin Cycloocta1′,2′:4,5benzo1,2-d1,3dioxole

SilibininChroman-4-one

SulforaphaneIsothiocyanate

Tannic acidPolyphenol

Thymoquinone1,4-Quinone

XanthorrhizolSesquiterpene

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