Grape Powder Improves Age-Related Decline in Mitochondrial and Kidney Functions in Fischer 344 Rats
Renal mitochondrial function in control and grape power (GP) treated adult and aged rats. Mitochondrial function was determined by measuring oxygen consumption (respiration) (a) and ATP levels (b) in renal tissues. Oxygen consumption (a) and ATP levels (b) were measured using Oroboros instrument and kit based assay system, respectively (details in the Methods). Results are mean ± SEM. rats. from adult and aged control rats.