Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Essential Oils of Rhaponticum carthamoides Hairy Roots and Roots of Soil-Grown Plants: Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antioxidant Activities

Table 1

Percentage of composition of essential oils from Rhaponticum carthamoides roots of soil-grown plants (SGR) and hairy roots (HR).

Peak numberConstituentRI litRI expSGR [%]HR [%]Class of compound

(1)α-Pinene9369310.10.1MH
(2)Oct-1-en-3-ol962961tO
(3)2-Pentylfuran9819780.8O
(4)α-Phellandrene10029980.2MH
(5)p-Cymene101510100.1tMH
(6)β-Phellandrene10231021tMH
(7)Limonene102510220.40.6MH
(8)(E)-Oct-2-enal10341032tO
(9)p-Cymenene107510720.8MH
(10)(E)-Non-2-enal113911360.1O
(11)p-Cymen-9-ol115711572.1tMO
(12)Thymol12671268tMO
(13)Carvacrol12781277tMO
(14)(E,E)-Deca-2,4-dienal129112880.1O
(15)Cyprotene13221318t0.1SH
(16)13-Norcypera-1(5),11(12)-diene135213491.415.3SH
(17)α-Longipinene13601360tSH
(18)Cyperadiene13651361t0.3SH
(19)Cyclosativene137013680.20.3SH
(20)α-Copaene137913760.60.3SH
(21)α-Funebrene13851382tSH
(22)Petasitene139813984.3SH
(23)β-Elemene138913890.2SH
(24)Thymol methyl ether14031401tMO
(25)Cyperene140414042.618.2SH
(26)Dehydroisolongifolene141014110.21.8SH
(27)α-Cedrene141814150.4SH
(28)β-Caryophyllene142014182.70.2SH
(29)trans- -Bergamotene143414334.2SH
(30)Sesquisabinene A143514351.1SH
(31)β-Helmiscapene144614430.2SH
(32)α-Helmiscapene144714470.2SH
(33)(Z)-β-Farnesene144714471.3SH
(34)α-Humulene14551453TSH
(35)β-Santalene145714550.4SH
(36)Selina-3,7-diene146014580.3
(37)Rotundene14611459T1.6SH
(38)α-Acoradiene146414640.4SH
(39)γ-Gurjunene147214680.1SH
(40)Selina-4,11-diene147514720.6SH
(41)Dauca-4(11),8-diene1530a147210.2SH
(42)Nardosina-1(10),11-diene1484147920.7SH
(43)β-Selinene148614844.6SH
(44)Pentadec-1-ene148614870.50.2O
(45)α-Muurolene149614951.35.5SH
(46)Isorotundene150314970.41.7SH
(47)β-Bisabolene150315000.5SH
(48)(Z)-γ-Bisabolene150515060.7SH
(49)Premnaspirodiene151615100.2SH
(50)δ-Cadinene152015140.30.4SH
(51)Cyperene oxide152415211.0SO
(52)α-Calacorene15271529T0.9SH
(53)(E)-Nerolidol155315450.3SO
(54)β-Caryophyllene oxide157815711.4SO
(55)α-Corocalene160216020.22.0SH
(56)Longifolene aldehyde163116200.3
(57)2,5,8-Trimethyl-1-naphthol16351.19.6O
(58)β-Himachalol163816340.6SO
(59)Cadalene165916580.67.2SH
(60)Aplotaxene1659165927.3 tO
(61)Cyperotundone168416760.33.6SO
(62)Palmitic acid194219461.3O
Total identified89.781.9
Monoterpene hydrocarbons MH1.60.7
Oxygenated monoterpenes MO2.1t
Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons SH54.762.2
Oxygenated sesquiterpenes SO0.66.9
Other O28.912.1

The concentrations of the main compounds were signified in bold.
RI: relative retention index on Rtx-1 column, RI lit: relative retention index of literature.
t: traces (percentage value less than 0.05%).

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