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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2017, Article ID 1716701, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1716701
Review Article

Multifarious Beneficial Effect of Nonessential Amino Acid, Glycine: A Review

1Department of Biochemistry, Rayalaseema University, Kurnool 518002, India
2Department of Zoology, K.V.R. Govt College for Women, Kurnool 518002, India
3Department of Bionanotechnology, Gachon University, San 65, Bokjeong Dong, Sujeong Gu, Seongnam Si, Gyeonggi Do 461 701, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Senthilkumar Rajagopal; moc.oohay@lanalihtnes

Received 3 November 2016; Revised 7 February 2017; Accepted 7 February 2017; Published 1 March 2017

Academic Editor: Musthafa Mohamed Essa

Copyright © 2017 Meerza Abdul Razak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Glycine is most important and simple, nonessential amino acid in humans, animals, and many mammals. Generally, glycine is synthesized from choline, serine, hydroxyproline, and threonine through interorgan metabolism in which kidneys and liver are the primarily involved. Generally in common feeding conditions, glycine is not sufficiently synthesized in humans, animals, and birds. Glycine acts as precursor for several key metabolites of low molecular weight such as creatine, glutathione, haem, purines, and porphyrins. Glycine is very effective in improving the health and supports the growth and well-being of humans and animals. There are overwhelming reports supporting the role of supplementary glycine in prevention of many diseases and disorders including cancer. Dietary supplementation of proper dose of glycine is effectual in treating metabolic disorders in patients with cardiovascular diseases, several inflammatory diseases, obesity, cancers, and diabetes. Glycine also has the property to enhance the quality of sleep and neurological functions. In this review we will focus on the metabolism of glycine in humans and animals and the recent findings and advances about the beneficial effects and protection of glycine in different disease states.