Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Dietary Polyphenols, Mediterranean Diet, Prediabetes, and Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence

Table 1

Main food sources of polyphenols.

PolyphenolCompoundMain food sources, excluding seasoningMain food sources, only seasoning

Total polyphenolsCoffee, oranges, apples, grapes, olives and olive oil, red wine, cocoa powder, dark chocolate, tea, black elderberry, nuts, whole grains, legumesCloves, dried peppermint, star anise
FlavonoidsFlavonesVirgin olive oil, oranges, whole grain wheat-flour bread, refined-grain wheat-flour bread, whole grain wheat four, black olivesCelery seed, dried peppermint, dried, common verbena
FlavonolsSpinach, beans, onions, shallotCapers, saffron, dried oregano
FlavanolsRed wine, apples, peaches, cocoa powder, nuts, dark chocolate
FlavanonesGrapefruit/pomelo juice, oranges, orange juice, grapefruit juiceDried peppermint, dried oregano, fresh rosemary
IsoflavonesSoy flour, soy paste, roasted soy bean, beansSoy sauce
AnthocyaninsCherries, red wine, olives, hazelnuts, almonds, black elderberry, black chokeberry, blueberries
Phenolic acidsBenzoic acidOlives, virgin olive oil, red wine, walnuts, pomegranate juice, red raspberry, American cranberryChestnut, cloves, star anise
Cinnamic acidCoffee, maize oil, potatoesDried peppermint. Common verbena, dried rosemary
StilbenesResveratrolGrapes, red wine, nuts
LignansVirgin olive oil, whole grain rye flour, bread from whole grain rye flour, flaxseedSesame seed oil, black sesame oil, flaxseed